ARMENIAN PRINCELY FAMILIES


Princely families of ancient Great Armenia

Family name (gavar-county, ashxarh-province)

Abeluni - Abelean - Abeghean** (Abeleanq / Abegheanq, Ayrarat)
Abeluni - Abelean other - Abelean the second
Abitean - Abithean
Adahuni (Mazaz, Ayrarat)
Alberkatsi - Aghberkatsi
Alelnadroshn - Agheghnadroshn
Aknuni - Akeoy - Akeats - Akeatsi - Akean (Ake, Vaspurakan)
Aldznuni - Aldznats tun - Aghdzn (Aldzn, Aldzniq)
Alkuni - Aghkuni
Alnevuni - Alesuni - Aghesuni - Alevan - Aghevan
Amaskuni
Amatuni (Artaz, Vaspurakan)
Amatuni the second
Andzevatsi (Andzevatsiq, Vaspurakan)
Andzevatsi other
Andzit - Andzit tun - Andzteatsi - Andzitoy (Andzit, Tzopq)
Angel tun - Angegh tun - Angelay (Angelay, Aldzniq)
Apahuni (Apahuniq, Tauruberan)
Apahuni other
Apekuni
Aqatzi - Aqatzetsi - Aqatzu
Aragatzean (Aragatzotn, Ayrarat)
Aramean
Aran - Arran tun (Great Arranq, Artsakh)
Aravelean - Arravelean - Aravelian (Vanand-Zarishat, Ayrarat)
Aravenean - Arravenean - Aravenian
Arberani - Arrberuni - Arberanean - Arshakuni (Arrberani, Vaspurakan)
Arnoy - Arrnoy (Arrnoyotn, Vaspurakan)
Arqatzots - Artzvots
Arshakuni - Arshakean - Aliovitean (Aliovit, Vaspurakan)
Arshamuni - Arshmuni (Arshamuniq, Turuberan)
Arshamuni (Arshamuniq, Tzopq)
Arsharuni (Arsharuniq, Ayrarat)
Arshuni
Artakuni
Artashatean - Artashamean (Ayrarat)
Artashisean - Artashesean (Artashiseanq, Vaspurakan)
Artzruni (Great Albak, Vaspurakan)
Artzruni the second
Artzruni the third
Arutchean
Ashahmarean
Ashots - Ashotsean (Ashotsq, Ayrarat)
Ashtortsean - Hashtotsean
Ashxadarean***
Ashxagorean
Aspakuni - Spakowni (Aspakuneats Dzor, Tauruberan)
Asparaxazn
Asparuni - Sparuni
Atrpatuni - Apatuni (Atrpatuniq, Vaspurakan)
Awatzatsi - Avatzatsi
Arartuni - Ayraratean (Maseatsotn, Ayrarat)
Aytruni
Aytzenakan

Balasakan
Bardzruni
Bagawanean (Bagrevand, Ayrarat)
Bagraspuni?
Bagratuni - Aspetuni - Aspetn - Bagraspuni (Bagrevand?, Ayrarat)
Bagratuni - Aspetuni - Aspetn - Bagraspuni (Sper, Bardzr Hayq)
Bagratuni - Aspetuni - Aspetn - Bagraspuni (Tayq)
Barmean - Barmian
Basenoy - Basenean - Basenatsi (Basean, Ayrarat)
Bjuni - Bjnuni
Boguni (Boguniq, Vaspurakan)
Bujuni (Bujuniq, Vaspurakan)
Buxa Dimaqsean (Tayq)
Bznuni - Baznuni - Bazauni (Bznuniq, Tauruberan)

Chighb - Tchighb

Darbandean
Dashtkaruni - Dashtkarin (Karin, Bardzr Hayq)
Datavtchirrean
Derjayin - Derjani - Derdzani (Derjan, Bardzr Hayq)
Dimaqsean - Dimaksian (Tayq)
Dimaqsean (Shirak, Ayrarat)
Dimaqsean other
Dramadn - Dramatn
Droshakirn
Dziunakan - Dzyunakan - Dziwnakan - Paluni (Dziunakanq / Paluniq, Tauruberan)
Dzolkert - Dzoghkertn
Dzorabnakean

Gabeluni - Gabelean - Gabeghean - Gabeuni (Gabeleanq / Gabegheanq, Ayrarat)
Gabitean - Gabithian (Gabiteanq, Vaspurakan)
Gamrean (Gamirq)
Gardmanay - Gardmanats - Gardmanits (Utiq)
Gargaratsi
Gashottsean
Gavarapetn - Gavarrapetn
Gazrikean - Gazrikian (Gazrikeanq, Vaspurakan)
Gelamean (Gegharquniq, Siuniq)
Gison - Gisanean - Gisanian
Gnthuni (Nig, Ayrarat)
Gnthuni the second
Gnuni (Aliovit-Zarishat, Tauruberan)
Gogarats - Gugaratsi (Gugarq)
Goltan - Goghtan - Goghtnats - Golthnatsi (Goghtn, Vaspurakan)
Goroghvayn - Gorolvayn
Gowkean - Gukan (Gukan, Vaspurakan)
Grchuni - Grtzchuni
Gushar

Haduni
Hamazguni
Hambujean - Hamutsean - Hambujian
Harqean - Harqian (Harq, Tauruberan)
Hashtuni - Ashtishatean (Tauruberan)
Hashtuni - Hashteits - Hashtean (Hashteanq, Tzophq)
Havnuni (Havnuniq, Ayrarat)
Haykazuni - Haykazean (Harq / Arq, Tauruberan)
Herheruni - Heruni (Her, Parskahayq)
Hetchmatakn
Huripean
Hyuranean - Hisanean
Hyusnakan - Hiwsnakan

Kadmean
Kalarjean - Kagharjean - Klarjean (Tayq?)
Kamsarakan (Shirak, Ayrarat)
Karqayin
Karthuni - Karthean - Korthean (Kartuniq, Kortchayq)
Kaspuni - Kazb - Kaspetsi - Kaspats (Paytaqaran)
Kazmuni - Kazbuni
Kananatsi
Kayushean
Klznuni - Kghznuni - Kghzuni
Klundi - Kghundi
Koghovtuni - Koghovtean - Kolovtean (Koghovit, Ayrarat)
Konakean
Korduats - Korduatsots - Kordvatsi (Kortchayq)
Krtchuni (Krtchuniq, Vaspurakan)
Kruni - Krruni

Lekandrean
Lerrnakan - Lernakan

Mahkert tun (Kortchayq)
Malxazuni - Malxazn - Malxazean - Maxean (Her, Parskahayq)
Mamikonean - Mamikonian (Tayq)
Mamikonean - Mamikonian (Taron, Tauruberan)
Manavazean (Manavazeanq, Tauruberan)
Mandakuni (Mandakuniq / Arshamuniq, Tauruberan)
Manuean
Mardaxean - Mardalean - Mardaghean
Mardpetuni - Mardpetn - Mardpetakan - Hayruni (Mardastan, Vaspurakan)
Maxaluni - Mashxaluni
Maznuni - Mazkeni - Mazazatsi (Mazaz, Ayrarat)
Mehnuni
Mehruni - Mihruni
Melitean
Metznuni (Artchishatovit-Metznuniq, Vaspurakan)
Mlruni - Mghruni - Mxruni
Mokats - Mokatsi (Mokq)
Mruni
Muatsean - Msatsean
Muratsan - Maratswots - Maratsean (Vaspurakan?)

Namakuni
Naxtcheri
Netoghn
Norberuni

Paluni - Palnay tun (Paluniq, Tzopq)
Paluni (Paluniq, Vaspurakan)
Paluni the second
Parspatuni - Parspuni - Parsparuni (Parspatuniq, Vaspurakan)
Perejuni
Pharatchuni - Rratchuni
Pokayuni

Qalaqapetn - Qaghaqapetn - Qalaqapetn arquni
Qajberuni (Artchesh gawarr, Tauruberan)
Qarrean
Qavpetuni - Qamuni - Qaypetuni
Qolean - Qalean - Qaghean - Qaluni, Qalay tun - Goshean (Qal?, Aldzniq)

Rapsonean - Rropsean - Arropsuni (Naxijevan, Vaspurakan)
Razmuni - Rrazmuni
Rmbosean - Rrmbosean
Rshtuni - Rrshtuni - Arshtuni (Rshtuniq, Vaspurakan)
Rshtuni the second

Sagrasuni
Saharuni
Sahuni - Shahuni (Sahuniq, Tzopq)
Saluni - Salnoy tun (Saluniq, Aldzniq)
Sanasuni - Sasnay (Sasun, Aldzniq)
Saprasmean
Sasanean
Sebastean
Shahapuni
Shahorapetn - Shahaxorrapet arquni
Sharaean (Shirak, Ayrarat)
Shavarshean - Sanasarean
Sisakean - Sisakan - Sisanean (Sisian, Siuniq)
Siuni - Syuni - Syunetsi (Siuniq / Syuniq)
Siuni the second - Syuneats the second
Slkuni - Sikluni - Slakuni - Sulkuni (Taron, Tauruberan)
Spanduni (Spanduniq, Paytakaran)
Sruni - Suruni
Srvandztean - Srwandztean
Surean - Sirean

Tamberatsi - Mamberatsi (Tamber, Parskahayq)
Tashiroy - Tashratsi - Tashrats (Tashirq, Gugarq)
Tashiroy - Tashratsi - Tashrats (Tashir / Tashirq, Lori, Ayrarat)
Tathevean (Siuniq)
Taygrean (Taygreanq, Vaspurakan)
Tayots - Tayetsi (Tayq)
Tharmuni
Tchakatamugh
Tchitchraketsi - Chichraketsi
Thruni - Truni
Tlquni - Tlqean - Mlqean?
Tphxuni
Trpatuni - Treypatuni - Tirpatuni - Trdatuni (Trpatuniq, Vaspurakan)
Tsul
Turberanean (Tauruberan)
Tushuni - Tushkuni
Tzalkuni - Tzghkuni (Tzaghkotn, Ayrarat)
Tzavdeatsi - Tzawdeatsi - Sawdetsi (Sotq, Siuniq)
Tzaythiuni
Tzopats - Tzophuni (Tzopq)

Urtza - Urtzetsi - Urtzi (Urtz / Urtzadzor, Ayrarat)
Uteats - Uteatsi (Utiq)

Vagraspuni
Vahanuni
Vahevuni - Vahnuni - Vahuni - Vahuneats (Vahevuniq, Tauruberan)
Vahevuni the second
Vanandatsi - Vananday - Vanandoy - Vanandian (Vanand, Ayrarat)
Vanandatsi the second
Varajnuni (Varajnuniq, Ayrarat)
Varajnuni - Varaznuni (Varajnuniq, Tauruberan)
Varajnuni - Varaznuni (Varajnuniq, Vaspurakan)
Varaspakean
Varazatakean - Varazean
Varduni - Vardanean - Vardeshean
Vardzavuni (Vardzavuniq, Gugarq)
Varnuni - Varrnuni
Vaykuni (Vaykuniq, Artsakh)
Vijanuni - Vijuni - Vijani (Vijanuniq, Bardzr Hayq)
Virats - Virakan
Vorduni - Worduni (Vorduniq, Vaspurakan)
Vorduni (Basean-Vorduniq, Ayrarat)
Vorsapetn - Vorsapetn arquni
Voskemani
Vrean
Vrnjuni - Vrnjnuni
Vtchenits tun - Vtchenits

Xachean
Xalbean - Xaghbean
Xalthuni - Xaghtean
Xnuni
Xordzean - Xortchean - Xordzenits - Xoreni (Xordzeanq, Tzopq)
Xorxoruni - Khorkhoruni (Xorxoruniq / Khorkhoruniq, Tauruberan)
Xorxoruni the second

Yedesean - Edesian
Yerevaray - Yerewaray (Yerevarq, Tauruberan)
Yermanthuni
Yervanduni (Yervanduniq - Hayots Dzor, Vaspurakan)
Yntzay - Yntzayetsi - Yntzayeni - Andzakhi (Vaspurakan)

Zanahtchirapen - Vanahtchirapetn
Zarehavanean (Zarehavan, Parskahayq)
Zarehuni (=Zarehavanean?)

Princely families of the Armenian Kingdon of Kilikia (Cilicia)

Hetumian
Lusinian (Lusignan)
Rubinian

Princely families of late medieval Armenia

Amatuni
Artzruni
Artzruni-Mahkanaberdci (princes of Mahkanaberd)
Artzruni-Kogovit (princes of Kogovit)
Bagratuni
Kiurikian
Orbeli (Orbelian) (princes of Siunik)
Pahlavuni (princes of Aragatzotn)
Tornikian
Vachutian
Xaghbakian-Proshian (princes of Bjni, Garni, Geghard, Noravank)
Zakarian (princes of Armenia)

Princely families of Gandzak

Meliks of Barsum
Meliks of Getashen
Meliks of Khachakap
Meliks of Voskanapat

Princely families of Syuniq

11 melik houses

Armenian Princely families of Artsakh (Karabakh)

Arran tun
Aranshahik (9th century - )
Dopian (11th - 16th centuries) (meliks of Tzar or Upper Khachen)
Vakhtangian (meliks of Haterk or Central Khachen)

Meliks of Khamsa

(15th - 19th century)

Melik Hasan-Jalalian (meliks of Khachen before 1755)
Melik-Mirzakhanian (meliks of Khachen-Khndzristan after 1755)
Melik-Shakhnazarian (meliks of Varanda)
Melik-Avanian (meliks of Dizak)
Melik-Beglarian (meliks of Gulistan)
Melik-Mejlumian (meliks of Jraberd)
Melik-Israelian (meliks of Jraberd before 1783)
Melik-Alahverdian (meliks of Jraberd in 1783 - 1814)
Melik Atabekian (meliks of Jraberd since 1814 - beginning of the 1850s)

Armenian princely families of 18 century Armenia and the Russian Empire

Argutian - Argutinskiy-Dolgorukiy
Bagratuni - Bagration
Hayrapetian
Lazarian - Lazarev
Loris-Melikian - Loris-Melikov (meliks of Lori)
Madatian - Madatov
Melikian - Melikov
Melik-Shahnazarian (meliks of Gegharquniq)
Melik-Vrtanesian
Pirumian - Pirumov
Smbatian - Sumbatian


General notes:

     1. Family names of some houses (clans) could vary. Sometimes the same document a single noble house could be mentioned under different family names. For example, Aknuni, Akeatsi, Ake, and Akeoy are just variations of the same noble house.

     2. Some Armenian aristocratic houses had several different family names, which could either refer to the name of the clan, or a title/position at the royal court of Armenia, or reflect the name of the hereditary territory owned by the family. For example, the house of Bagratuni is also known from the chronicles as Aspetn or Aspetuni, a name that reflects their hereditary position of crowners of the Armenian kings.

     3. In some cases instead of the original family name of the noble houses, only their hereditary titles or positions are mentioned. In some of these cases, the information about the name of the house that occupied the particular position is lost. Examples: Qaghaqapetn arquni (literally: "Royal mayor"), Vorsapetn ("Huntmaster"), Gavarapetn ("Governor") etc.

     4. Some noble families would be repeated in the listings of aristocratic houses. This could be a result of growth of the houses, separation of kin branches, or even similarities of the family names of unrelated aristocratic houses. Regardless the causes, the Armenian authors normally would mention that they refer to another aristocratic house. Example: Artzruni, Artzruni the second, Artzruni the third etc.

     5. The names of some noble houses reached our times in their misspelled versions. Sometimes the handwritten manuscript tests were not clearly readable, which would result in alternative pronunciations of names. For example, the Armenian capital letters "S" and "M" are quite similar in their handwritten forms; because of unclear manuscript texts and discrepancies in its reading, it is not clear whether one of the family names should be read as Sruni or Mruni. Another example of discrepancies in reading a family name is Tamberatsi or Mamberatsi or cause by similarities between the handwritten Armenian capital letters "T" and "M".

Notes on pronunciation:

     * These Armenian aristocratic families are spelled in their Grabar (Classical Armenian) form. Particularly, the ending of Armenian last names "-ean" has transformed in modern times into "-ian". For example: Artashesean (classical spelling) - Artashesian (modern spelling).

     ** Letters 'gh' in the names of Armenian naharars must be pronounced as French 'r'. Historically, this letter was the hard Armenian 'l' which gradually changed its pronunciation. Sometimes in historical accounts and chronicles the same family name could be spelled with 'l' or with 'gh': e.g. Abelean-Abeghean. Both spellings are congruent.

     *** Letter 'x' in the names of Armenian naharars must be pronounced as 'kh', similar to 'ch' in German 'ich' or in Celtic 'loch'.


Sources:
Movses Khorenatsi History of Armenia. Yerevan, Hayastan, 1990.
Armenian Encyclopedia. Volume 2. Yerevan, HSH, 1977-1979, pages 662-664.


© Vrej Atabekian 2004
© Union of Armenian Noblemen 2004


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